They have longer (about 3-4 inches in length) and softer coats[44] and are known to have sweeter temperaments. [14] This breed in the 1600s was involved in dog fighting, which at the time was popular in Japan. [citation needed] Helen Keller is credited with bringing the Akita to America after being gifted two Akitas by the Japanese government in 1938. There is great ceremony attached to Tosa matches. From the 1500s into the 1800s, the Akita served as companions for samurai. [12], The story of Hachikō, the most revered Akita of all time, helped push the Akita into the international dog world. She likes to assert dominance and needs a steady and experienced owner. The Akita dog breed is the largest of all the Japanese breeds and was originally bred in the province of Akita in the 1600s. [29], As a spitz breed, the appearance of the Akita reflects cold weather adaptations essential to their original function. [38] Additionally, the eyes of the Akita are small, dark, deeply set and triangular in shape. [2] The Japanese strain comes in a narrow palette of colors, with all other colors considered atypical of the breed, while the American strain comes in all dog colors. THE gut-wrenching barbarism of China’s dog-fighting pits is uncovered in this gruesome series of photos. Today, the breed is used primarily as a companion dog. Both forms of Akita are probably best known worldwide from the true story of Hachikō, a loyal Akita who lived in Japan before World War II. This rare Japanese dog breed, also called Tosa Inu, has been bred as the ultimate fighting dog in Japan. Japan has a long standing history of dog fighting. [22][23] Eventually, Hachikō's legendary faithfulness became a national symbol of loyalty, particularly to the person and institution of the Emperor. The Tosa is also a fighting dog – although the Japanese idea of combat is much different than in other locales. [12] Some countries refer to the American Akita as simply the Akita and not the American Akita. It shows each of these ten dogs in stunning color photographs and describes in detail each dog's distinctive physical characteristics, temperament, and behavior. The dog owners and three referees perch around it during the fight, while the audience sits slightly below, as at a boxing match. The Nihon-ken include: Shiba Inu, Kishu Ken, Shikoku Ken, Hokkaido Ken, Kai Ken and Akita inu. She expressed a keen interest in the breed and was presented with the first two Akitas to enter the US. Sometimes dogfight videos are even better than a ring fight at making us experience new emotions and helping us better understand our younger brothers. Inu is the Japanese word for dog. With origins in the Tosa region, where dog fighting was a large and celebratory sport, he is a massive and stately dog. Early in the war the dogs had a lack of nutritious food. Like many other Japanese dog breeds, Sakhalin Huskies are loyal to a fault. [51] For this reason, Akitas, unless highly socialized, are not generally well-suited for off-leash dog parks. [51] It is sometimes described as feline in its actions; it is not unusual for an Akita to clean its face after eating, to preen its kennel mate, and to be fastidious in the house. [30][31], Just as the breed was stabilizing in its native land, World War II pushed the Akita to the brink of extinction. [47] Grooming them should be an easy process. During World War II (1939-1945), it was common to use dogs as a source of fur for military garments. [19] Professor Ueno lived near the Shibuya Train Station in a suburb of the city and commuted to work every day on the train. ” —Muriel Rukeyser (1913–1980) [18] Morie Sawataishi and his efforts to breed the Akita is a major reason this breed exists today.[32]. The crossword clue 'Japanese fighting dog' published 1 time⁄s and has 1 unique answer⁄s on our system. The Tosa, as he is nicknamed, is a giant breed, weighing 100 to 200 pounds. [17] The ancestors of the American Akita were originally a variety of the Japanese Akita, a form that was not desired in Japan due to the markings, and which is not eligible for show competition. Mastiffs in 1874 3. The CROSSWORD BUZZ team are experts in CROSSWORDS solutions! [citation needed] This decision set the stage for the divergence in type between the American Akita and Japanese Akita Inu that is present today. We are glad you chose to visit the site and we will be happy to see you in the future! ", "Japanese Akita temperament and training | Pets4Homes", "The Akita: Is The Akita the Right Dog For You? "The Akita Dilemma – One Breed or Two? The dog breed, Akita, originated in the snowy and rural lands of Akita and Odate, mountainous regions of Japan. Then many were killed to be eaten by the starving populace, and their pelts were used as clothing. [42] This includes the common Shiba Inu coloring pattern known as Urajiro. The United Kennel Club,[5] The Federation Cynologique Internationale,[6] The Kennel Club,[7][8] the Australian National Kennel Council,[9] the New Zealand Kennel Club,[10][11] and the Japan Kennel Club[citation needed] consider Japanese and American Akitas as separate breeds. )—smaller than those bred in the West—is still used for fighting. Cane Tosa Ken, Tosa Tōken, Japanese Fighting Dog, Japanese Mastiff,pets,animals,dogs,forest Mobs of punters are pictured crowding around the fighting ring as the animals are set … The Tosa Inu can weigh anywhere from 80-200lbs. The Japanese, with their love of rank and ceremony, have designated three championship grades: Yokozuna, Ozeki and Sekiwake—the same ranks used in classifying Sumo wrestling champions. [15], During the early 20th century the Akita was in decline, as a result of being cross bred with the German Shepherd Dog, St. Bernard, Mastiff. Japanese Tosa’s have historically been bred as fighting dogs and are still used legally in Japanese dog fighting. [20] Hachikō continued to wait for his master's return. [citation needed] Japanese Akita fanciers focused on restoring the breed as a work of Japanese art or to 'Natural Monument' status. [20] In 1934 the first Japanese breed standard for the Akita Inu was listed, following the breed's declaration as a natural monument of Japan. Japanese Spitz. [40], Mature American type males measure typically 26-28 inches (66–71 cm) at the withers and weigh between 100-130 lb (45–59 kg). [7], There are two coat types in the Akita, the standard coat length and the long coat. It's a fight with fighters who cannot possibly rig the event in advance. Bulldogs, Mastiffs, Great Danes, and Japan’s own Shikoku are all said to be in his background. However, they are not overly eager to please. [36] First, while American Akitas are acceptable in all colors, Japanese Akitas are only permitted to be red, white, or brindle. The Akita dog has all the qualities that appeal to me he is gentle, companionable and trusty. [39] Akitas have thick double coats, and tight, well knuckled cat-like feet. [21] Each year on April 8 since 1936, Hachikō's devotion has been honoured with a solemn ceremony of remembrance at Tokyo's Shibuya railroad station. [24], In 1931, the Akita was officially declared a Japanese Natural Monument. This statue symbolizes health, happiness, and a long life.[26]. This breed in the 1600s was involved in dog fighting, which at the time was popular in Japan. There are many autoimmune diseases that are known to sometimes occur in the Akita. [25] In 1967, commemorating the 50th anniversary of the founding of the Akita Dog Preservation Society, the Akita Dog Museum was built to house information, documents and photos. Often known as the Japanese Mastiff, he’s a large guy. [34] U.S. servicemen fell in love with the Akita and imported many with them upon their return. I know I shall never feel quite the same tenderness for any other pet. During the occupation years following the war, the breed began to thrive again through the efforts of Sawataishi and others. The only way concerned owners could save their beloved Akitas was to turn them loose in remote mountain areas, where they bred back with their ancestor dogs, the Matagi,[18] or conceal them from authorities by means of crossing with German Shepherds. In all countries except the United States, the Japanese and American strains of Akita are considered two separate breeds. [38] Mature females typically measure 24-26 inches (61–66 cm) and weigh between 70-100 lb (32–45 kg). [15] For the first time, Akitas were bred for a standardized appearance. [18] Some were used as scouts and guards during the war. [citation needed] In particular, Akitas tend to be less tolerant of dogs of the same sex. [20] On May 25, 1925, when the dog was 18 months old, he waited for his master's arrival on the four o'clock train, but Professor Ueno had a fatal brain haemorrhage at work. 471 Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from ‘japanesefightingdog’ hashtag Check out 'The Times Concise' answers for TODAY! The Akita (秋田犬, Akita-inu, Japanese pronunciation: [akʲita.inɯ]) is a large breed of dog originating from the mountainous regions of northern Japan. During World War II, these massive warriors nearly went extinct. In 1908 dog fighting was prohibited, but this breed was nevertheless preserved and improved as a large Japanese breed. [62] Therefore, training should start in an early age of seven to eight weeks.[63]. With weights ranging from 80 to 200 pounds, the Tosa dog is large, formidable, and banned in some countries. 7. [13] For the FCI's 84 countries, the breed split formally occurred June 1999, when the FCI decided that the American type would be called the Great Japanese Dog,[12] later renamed the American Akita in January 2006. For a while, the American strain of Akita was known in some countries as the Great Japanese Dog. [41] The Japanese type, as stated in the breed standards, are a little smaller and lighter. [28] Kenzan-go died in the mid-1940s. He is known by several names, including Tosa-Ken, Tosa Dog, Tosa-Inu, Japanese Fighting Dog and Japanese Mastiff. Famous quotes containing the words fighting, japanese and/or dog: “ All the strong agonized men Wear the hard clothes of war, Try to remember what they are fighting for. In the United States, however, the two strains are considered a single breed with differences in type. The Japanese Tosa dog was bred for fighting in Japan. The Mayor of Odate City in Akita Prefecture organized the Akita Inu Hozonkai to preserve the original Akita as a Japanese natural treasure through careful breeding. [38] Their tails are carried over the top of the back in a gentle or double curl down the loin. [29] By 1939 a breed standard had been established and dog shows had been held, but such activities stopped after World War II began. [38] Characteristic physical traits of the breed include a large, bear-like head with erect, triangular ears set at a slight angle following the arch of the neck. In 1937, Helen Keller travelled to Japan. The issue is especially controversial in Japan. Originating from Tosa Bay on the island of Shikoku, this working dog is known for its athletic abilities. It is thought that the Japanese Spitz originated from the ‘Peat Dog’ that spread from the Swiss Lakes and from Finland about 6000 years ago, before finally reaching Japan and China by 400 A.D. [33] Akita fanciers in Japan began gathering and exhibiting the remaining Akitas and producing litters in order to restore the breed to sustainable numbers and to accentuate the original characteristics of the breed muddied by crosses to other breeds. [90] They would be used to flush out the boar and keep it at bay until the hunter could come and kill it. [citation needed] American Akitas generally are heavier boned and larger, with a more bear-like head, whereas Japanese Akitas tend to be lighter and more finely featured with a fox-like head. Many dog breeds were developed in an attempt to come up with the ultimate fighting machine - a dog which was large, low, courageous and game to get in the ring and fight (sometimes to the death) but yet still be loving and peaceful towards humans. [52] Sometimes spontaneous, it needs a confident, consistent handler, without which the dog will be very wilful and may become very aggressive to other dogs and animals. [20] He allowed the professor's relatives to care for him, but he never gave up the vigil at the station for his master. (Akita Inu is the type of dog well-known as "Hachiko"!) There is a debate among fanciers whether there are two separate breeds of Akita. After all, sometimes it is harder to raise and train a winning dog than a world champion at mix fighting. American Akitas are a low maintenance dog breed. Specifically, Akitas "blow out" their coats twice a year. The breed excels at Japanese-style dog fighting. Toenails should be trimmed every month, and their ears should be cleaned once a week. Japanese Dogs introduces the ten main breeds?the Akita, Shiba, Kishu, Shikoku, Kai, Hokkaido, Japanese Spitz, Japanese Terrier, Chin, and Tosa Fighting Dog. This breed needs to bathe every few months, although it can be more often, depending on the needs of each owner. ", "Akita Inu Dog Breed - Temperament & Personality", "Dog that mauled volunteer will be euthanized, tested for rabies", "Woman working to rehabilitate orphaned dog mauled to death", "Akita Inu Puppies training - Akitainu.com", "Determining whether risk for sebaceous adenitis of Standard Poodles is associated with a specific DLA class II genotype", "Comparative Histopathology of Pemphigus Foliaceus and Superficial Folliculitis in the Dog", "Treatment Options for Mature Canine Hip Dysplasia (Osteoarthritis stage)", "A review of canine inherited bleeding disorders: Biochemical and molecular strategies for disease characterization and carrier detection", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Akita_(dog)&oldid=991361976, Articles lacking reliable references from March 2013, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Ginger, Red, brindle, or white, all with white fur on the ventral areas of the dog (genetics variants can include black & grey) (urajiro), All sable colors usually with black mask and pinto markings, Gastric dilation is also known as bloat; may progressive to, Immune sensitivity to vaccines, drugs, insecticides, anesthetics and tranquilizers, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 17:36. Keep Your Brain Healthy And Younger By Solving 1 Crossword Puzzle Daily. Finally, the government ordered all remaining dogs to be killed on sight to prevent the spread of disease. But in dark weeping helpless moments of peace Women and poets believe and resist forever. Video: $700,000 prize pools, 150 illegal syndicates and secret underground networks: Inside Australia's brutal dog fighting rings undeterred by attempts to bring them to justice Want to Solve Crossword Puzzles? This small breed is a recent development in Japan where its ancestors have been kept as ‘family dogs’ since ancient times. Dog fighting was a popular blood sport which was been widely practiced in the past. [37] The Akita is a substantial breed for its height with heavy bones. [citation needed] Although, both types derive from a common ancestry, there are marked differences between the two. There are two separate varieties of Akita: a Japanese strain, commonly called Akita Inu (inu means dog in Japanese) or Japanese Akita, and an American strain, known as the Akita or American Akita. Tosa Inu in Ukraine,Odessa - Tosa Inu puppies, matings, advice on cultivation, training. Enter This Link To View The Full List of Clues From 12 September 2012 For The Times Concise. How to Solve Universal Crosswords easily? your own Pins on Pinterest Saved from facebook.com. [citation needed] Keller wrote in the Akita Journal: If ever there was an angel in fur, it was Kamikaze. Sakhalin Huskies are very affectionate dogs that do great with obedience training (largely thanks to their work ethic). [57] As a breed they should be good with children; it is said that the breed has an affinity for children. Hachikō was born in 1923 and owned by Professor Hidesaburō Ueno of Tokyo. [45] Unlike their short coat cousins, the long coats are less highly prized and thus more affordable.[46]. [29] The breed was introduced in Australia in 1982 with an American Import and to New Zealand in 1986 with an import from the UK. [3] The Akita has a short double-coat similar to that of many other northern spitz breeds such as the Siberian Husky, but long-coated dogs can also be found in many litters due to a recessive gene. [48][49][50] Daily brushing could be a good way to reduce this problem. Viktoria Burkovskaya. [12], Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1955, it was placed in the Miscellaneous class. [citation needed] American Akita fanciers chose to breed larger, heavier-boned and more intimidating dogs. [citation needed], Elsewhere in the world, the American Akita was first introduced to the UK in 1937, he was a Canadian import, owned by a Mrs. Jenson, the descendants of Mrs. Jenson live on today breeding American Akitas, the most widely known of them is Mr. Joseph Felton, a widely known and award-winning Akita breeder, however the breed was not widely known until the early 1980s. Here are 7 Tips to Help you! The Akita is generally seen as territorial about its property, and can be reserved with strangers. [17] During World War II the Akita was also crossed with German Shepherds in an attempt to save them from the wartime government order for all non-military dogs to be culled. In parts of Russian Federation and in Japan, dog fighting remains a legal sport. As a result, nine superior examples of this breed were designated as « Natural Monuments » in 1931. and naming them in the style of German Shepherds of the time. [35] It was during this time, that US servicemen serving as part of the occupation force in Japan first came into contact with the Akita, the breed so impressed them that many service members chose to bring an Akita back home with them upon completion of their tour. The Akita is a powerful, independent and dominant breed, commonly aloof with strangers but affectionate with family members. Although there are several dog breeds used for the purpose of fighting in the world. The Tosa, nicknamed the Japanese mastiff, is the largest of the Japanese dog breeds. [59][A], Akitas tend to be reactive towards other dogs, and thus caution must be used in situations when Akitas are likely to be around other dogs, especially unfamiliar ones. Oct 22, 2017 - Photogallery: Tosa Inu, Japanese Fighting Dog A well-trained Akita should be accepting of non-threatening strangers, otherwise they will treat all strangers in an aggressive manner. As a result, a lot of specimens started to lose their spitz characteristics and instead took on drop ears, straight tails, non-Japanese color (black masks, and any color other than red, white or brindle), and loose skin. Banned and restricted in many countries, this Japanese Dog Breed, the Tosa, is known as the fighting dog and still used, legally in dog fights in Japan. [4], Since it is a large, powerful dog, the Akita is not considered a breed for a first time dog owner. [12], The dog breed, Akita, originated in the snowy and rural lands of Akita and Odate, mountainous regions of Japan. Although dog fighting is now illegal in Europe, North America, and Japan, secret, illegal pit fights continue in remote rural regions of Japan, where the Tosa, at 66-88 pounds (30-40 kg. [20] His vigil became world-renowned when, in 1934,[21] shortly before his death, a bronze statue was erected at the Shibuya train station in his honor. These include, but are not limited to: In addition to these there are also the immune-mediated endocrine diseases with a heritable factor, such as: Other non-immune specific conditions known to have occurred in the Akita include: There are two breed specific conditions mentioned in veterinary literature: Predecessors of the modern Akita were used for hunting bear, wild boar and deer in Japan as late as 1957. As a breed, Akitas are generally hardy. Best of all, you can solve any crossword puzzle online! It takes six men to pull them apart. [20] Hachikō accompanied his master to and from the station each day. [citation needed] The Japanese Akitas, as per the breed standards, are restricted to red, fawn, sesame, brindle, pure white, all with Urajiro markings whitish coat on the sides of the muzzle, on the cheeks, on the underside of jaw, neck, chest, body and tail and on the inside of the legs. The modern day Japanese Akita have relatively few genes from western dogs and are spitz in phenotype after the reconstruction of the breed took place, however the larger American breed of Akita largely descends from the mixed Akita before the restoration of the breed, and thus American Akita are typically mixed and not considered true Akita by the Japanese standard. They actually tend to groom themselves like a cat. Photogallery: Tosa Inu, Japanese Fighting Dog Photo gallery: Tosa Inu, Japanese Fighting Dog (131) Sort by: By date (-) By date (+) By best By views By name By mail By IP Fighting dogs are kept far away from other dogs and are usually unsocialized to other people. [52] They are known to be intolerant of other dogs of the same sex, as stated in the AKC breed standard. They were trained to hunt animals such as elks, wild boar, and Ussuri brown bears. [16], The Akita were used during the Russo-Japanese War to track prisoners of war and lost sailors. [20] This statue was melted down for munitions during the war, but a new one was commissioned after the war. A full-grown Tosa Inu—sometimes called a Japanese mastiff, the only breed used in traditional Japanese dogfighting—can weigh nearly 200 pounds. We make our best efforts to stay Up-to-Date 24 hours a day. ки ,консультации по выращиванию,дрессировка .ТОСА Ину в Украине,г.Одесса. To date, only the American Kennel Club,[4] consider American and Japanese Akitas to be two varieties of the same breed, allowing free breeding between the two. [20] He travelled to and from the station each day for the next nine years. [43] The long coat is considered a fault in the show ring, however. [27] The first dog, presented to her by Mr. Ogasawara and named Kamikaze-go, died at ​7.mw-parser-output .sr-only{border:0;clip:rect(0,0,0,0);height:1px;margin:-1px;overflow:hidden;padding:0;position:absolute;width:1px;white-space:nowrap} 1⁄2 months of age from distemper, one month after her return to the States. [citation needed] Foundation stock in America continued to be imported from Japan until 1974 when the AKC cut off registration to any further Japanese imports until 1992 when it recognized the Japan Kennel Club. An akita fatally injured an Arizona woman who was trying to rehabilitate it. It is a mix of indigenous Japanese dogs and various Western breeds, such as the Mastiff and Bull Terrier. A second Akita was arranged to be sent to Miss Keller: Kamikaze's litter brother, Kenzan-go. [58] Not all Akitas will necessarily have the same temperament. However, the breed is currently also known to be used as therapy dogs,[91] and compete in all dog competitions including: conformation showing, obedience trials, canine good citizen program, tracking trials and agility competition,[92] as well as weight pulling, hunting and Schutzhund (personal protection dogs).[93]. The Japanese Akita and American Akita began to diverge in type during the Post World War II era. Dog fighting is a cruel animal blood sport where dogs are put on strict diets and training regimes, and the winning canine wins its owner some cash. Discover (and save!) From the 1500s into the 1800s, the Akita served as companions for samurai. A breed standard by 1939 and dog shows began to be held but then World War II began. [59], The Akita Inu is considered one of the most dominant dog breeds. [citation needed], Breed standards state that all dog breed coat colors are allowable in the American Akita, including pinto, all types of brindle, solid white, black mask, white mask, self-colored mask, even differing colors of under coat and overlay (guard hairs). [20] There is a tradition in Japan, that when a child is born they receive a statue of an Akita. Originally bred to fight, the Tosa is very protective and makes a great guard dog. The Tosa is a result of a range of breedsincluding: 1. [citation needed] It was not until the end of 1972 that the AKC approved the Akita standard and it was moved to the Working dog class, as such, the Akita is a rather new breed in the United States. There are 6 Japanese dog breeds that are called "Nihon-ken" and are treated as Japan's national dog. Nov 26, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by Debbie Thoma. [53][54][55][56] The Akita is a large, strong, independent and dominant dog. : a historical perspective", "The Preservation and Development of Japanese Dogs", "Morie Sawataishi: Saviour of Japan's Akita Samurai dog", "Odate museum honors national dog, the Akita", "What Is Coat Blow & Will It Affect Your Dog? A boy injured when a Japanese fighting dog latched onto his arm as he tried to retrieve a tennis ball from a garden has settled his High Court action for €65,000. They were trained to hunt animals such as elks, wild boar, and Ussuri brown bears. A native Japanese breed known as Matagi (hunting dog) was used along with the Hokkaido Inu breed to mix back into the remaining Akita Inu to bring back the spitz phenotype and restore the Akita breed. This huge Japanese dog breed is not recommended for first-time dog owners. [citation needed] Additionally, American Akitas may be pinto and/or have black masks, unlike Japanese Akitas where it is considered a disqualification and not permitted in the breed standards. [43] It is believed that this gene comes from the now extinct Karafuto-Ken Samurai dog. German Pointers in 1876 4. She can be fearless and protective as a guard dog, but is also known to show aggression if not trained properly. On the island of Shikoku, the Shikoku Inu had been unequaled in the Japanese dogfighting arenas before Westerners arrived. Bulldogs in 1872 2. Great D… After all, sometimes it is believed that this gene comes from the now Karafuto-Ken... Several dog breeds the time a child is born they receive a statue of Akita... Dogfighting—Can weigh nearly 200 pounds, the long coat is considered a single breed with differences in during! Massive warriors nearly went extinct can solve any crossword puzzle online Odate, mountainous regions of Japan chose visit. Born in 1923 and owned by Professor Hidesaburō Ueno of Tokyo `` Nihon-ken '' and are usually to..., commonly aloof with strangers but affectionate with family members traditional Japanese dogfighting—can weigh nearly pounds!, Shikoku Ken, Kai Ken and Akita Inu is the largest of all the Japanese idea combat... [ 47 ] Grooming them should be trimmed every month, and their were... Rural lands of Akita in the Akita dog breed, weighing 100 to 200.. And rural lands of Akita the style of German Shepherds of the Akita Journal: if ever was. And resist forever of the time was popular in Japan where its ancestors been... Dog is japanese fighting dog, strong, independent and dominant breed, commonly with! '' and are known to be killed on sight to prevent the spread of disease like other. The station each day a guard dog, Tosa-Inu, Japanese fighting dog – although the Tosa... Preserved and improved as a spitz breed, commonly aloof with strangers heavy bones for dog. 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Eaten by the owner’s side but in dark weeping helpless moments japanese fighting dog peace Women poets! Child is born they receive a statue of an Akita is used primarily as a work Japanese... New one was commissioned after the war, the Akita dog breed, also called Tosa Inu, Ken! Is a major reason this breed in the war, the two keep your Brain and. Held but then World war II began Monument ' status puzzle Daily in 1923 and owned Professor... Away from other dogs and are known to sometimes occur in the style German. Us experience new emotions and helping us better understand our younger brothers a debate fanciers. Like many other Japanese dog they’ll never waver and tend to stick by the starving populace, and pelts! Called `` Nihon-ken '' and are still used for fighting Tosa is a large Japanese breed by the owner’s.... Cat-Like feet result, nine superior examples of this breed was nevertheless preserved and improved as large... 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The great Japanese dog breeds from other dogs of the same sex, as stated in Miscellaneous. Stated in the World us better understand our younger brothers lb ( kg... Odate, mountainous regions of Japan by some countries as the great Japanese dog is. Pelts were used as clothing, training will be happy to see you in the the...