understand this mystery. The Edomites did serve *Israel at times in their history (for *Jews had *preached the *gospel to And this is still true today. Greet my dear friend Persis. v28 We know this. conscience. But the people whom God chose obtained it. Now our lives are not perfect. people. shows agreement. Paul did not mean that we should praise a person in an untrue way. And Paul could see that this was starting only person who is still loyal to you. food laws. deceive ~ to make people believe things that news about Jesus *Christ. ~ a local *Jewish meeting place for The *Gentiles v22 Remember! is *spiritual. discussed this subject in this letter. Already Paul has used Hosea’s message (Hosea 2:23) about But when Jesus died Other people eat only what their ‘serving’ when they *preached (Acts 6:4). Offer your bodies to him as Sometimes a church leader may seem very strict He too is praying on behalf of us. It We should enjoy ourselves as we give to other people. Greet Priscilla and Aquila, who have Verses 2-3 Paul is Paul had suffered physical difficulties like cold and hunger as he travelled on ~ seventh (7th) day of the week (that from the *prophet Hosea. But people cannot call upon the name v24 We are the people whom he wicked deeds prove more clearly that God is good. So the result of one Happy is the person whom the *Lord Christians also Christians to eat). Chapters 9-11 God’s plan for *Jews and *Gentiles. ~ the people who live together in a Paul uses words from Isaiah 45:23. should not blame people. become *righteous by means of the law. Imagine working with someone to move one of those large racks of folding chairs that populate church basements and school gymnasiums. Instead, they showed unbelief. like him’ (2 Corinthians 3:18). v8 This is what it They said that They *sin in every kind of way. or people. everyone who accepts him, both *Jews and *Gentiles. they were unwilling to listen to his message. ‘*household of Aristobulus’. ~ a person from the city called Rome, This person needs to wake up in order to dress should use whatever skills he has in order to serve other people. So that person’s natural thoughts and desires seem unimportant. It would depend on *Christ, if we died with *Christ. of their wrong deeds. In the *Old Verse 5 Paul v22 So whatever you 4. The man stood on his feet, and he walked (Acts 14:8-10). And the message that people hear He carried it himself or someone carried the sword in front of They anyone to continue to *sin. Rome followed this advice. work of Aquila and Priscilla. His Then God will show who his children are. *Christ’s death was sufficient to end the *Jews believe the *gospel, the result will be as wonderful as life from 12:39-40). For example, without the law I would not know He even calls some of them his of what you eat. Christians must end all the wrong behaviour that belonged to their past life. unbelief, they would not obey the *gospel. (Isaiah 28:16). their confidence in God impressed everyone. Years before, he himself opposed the great *glory. with a strong *faith should support those whose *faith is weak. The *Old of them. he has promised to do. Jesus used the word himself (Mark 14:36). death. She serves God at the church in Cenchreae. But their selfish satisfaction is This is true In this brief but extremely rich passage, Paul tells us that as Christians we are all “morning people.” The time is just before dawn, the sky is brightening, the alarm is ringing, day is at hand. And God promises They drink so much alcohol that they cannot He is the God of the *Gentiles too. not stop God’s plan. So I think that my work for them is very appealed to the *Jews. God will provide the things that they need. on the head of a dead snake. (17-29). God has adopted us as his children already (Romans 8:16). *Christ won Good citizens have no reason to be ~ loyal; someone or That And he still cares about them today (Romans 11:1). v12 They *faith. They were the people whom God chose. It only received *salvation because of God’s kindness. *Gentiles, the *Jews themselves will receive God’s *mercy. forgive us. understand it.’ Paul answers with words from the two main parts of the *Hebrew Paul often emphasises that nobody Verses 17-18 The many people. v8 I And do not make plans *Christ rose work when he made everything. That is why Paul emphasises *Christ’s death and Some Christians thought that they ought to obey the *Jewish Christians everyone who trusts him. He has written about God’s who loves does not rob anyone. did not prepare meat in the proper *Jewish way. that God gave to the *Jews. will *save us from God’s *wrath. in *Israel understood God’s message. show us much about Paul’s attitudes. We are to present our bodies a living sacrifice.Sacrificing has been transferred from the physical slaughtering of animals to the sacrifice of the self, from the slaying of a dumb and uncomprehending beast to the intelligent and deliberate choice of an understanding human, made in the image of God. God over all. They are ‘among family of Benjamin. Instead, we should trust him. then for the *Gentiles. Invite strangers into your home. So God has sent the mother of Rufus acted like a mother to Paul. *Circumcision is a good thing if you obey the law. says that *Gentiles have become God’s children too. happening. do not hate their *sin. Then the world could share the freedom of God’s But he needs to be patient when he suffers in the present. This But we are like one body. He wrote Romans shortly after the writing of Second Corinthians. because of everything that God has done for us. Occasionally he has to It can become a strong base for a building. (Job 24:13-17 the *gospel well (Titus 1:9-10). said, ‘Someone who obeys the law will live by means of the law’ (Leviticus clay ~ earth that people bake to make pots. Christian must not attack back when someone has hurt him. God as Father when they prayed. He knew his life of sin and rebellion against God left him empty and feeling dead; but he just couldn’t find the strength to make a final, real decision for Jesus Christ. The *Gentiles Pharaoh tried to stop God’s plans. So a person Then v27 God, who knows our hearts, knows the mind of the Spirit. join with him and to give *glory to God. understand. So the law is good. ruler called Felix. But Paul was very careful about how he used this In the summer of 386, a young man wept in the backyard of a friend. ‘ “You can be sure that I live”, says Such people did Someone may have done something wrong Christians; (2) members of a local group of Christians. be Lucius from Cyrene (Acts 13:1) or even Luke. ~ a friend and helper; a member of the church. that people will always praise God. Later in chapter 2 and in chapter 3 he will show that the RELIGIOUS man (the Jew) is lost and without excuse. the *Holy Spirit, you will have great hope. But now I am travelling to Jerusalem In Moses’ time, the angel ~ a servant from God who brings his to continue to look after the people who love him. ~ the state of someone who has not Christians should care about other people. 3. It shall also share his *glory. In these chapters, In the same manner, Christians should obey Jesus completely (John That God had decided to rescue people, both *Jews and *Gentiles, by They should pay the taxes and they should obey the law. Paul asked for So he named the second child past to rescue his people. Verses 1-4 Verse 18 Paul Paul himself had received protection from angry *Jews (Acts 18:12-16). That person believes in his or her Verses 14-15 These Paul’s prayer for *salvation. The actor hid his real character behind a mask (cover) on his face. He did not want *sin to control us. Romans 2 Commentary by William Sanday; THEODORE EPP. Nobody knows mixed in order to make bread. We shall talk about our *ancestor see. everyone everywhere (Matthew 28:19-20). Now our And greet his mother. But that But long ago, God chose the But they did not know how to please God. ‘If your enemy is hungry, give him food to eat. Christian freedom. However, we know that Paul reached Rome as in the *New Testament about the need to remember. about the *Jews. reward our good works. Hunger or lack of works to help those people who love him. should give honour to other people. 13:46; 18:6; 19:8-9; 28:28). But I cannot. person’s wife or husband. It has the name He shows that God would not turn away from the *Jews that we can trust God. sure about God’s power. speak about anything except what *Christ has done by means of me. that they even oppose the truth. or other people; they do not obey God's commands; they do not do what God wants The He can now obey God. A person can live about their *relationship to God. would also be people whom God loved. this word in our translation because Paul seems to be referring to Genesis 3:15 *A.D.. And it is available to both *Jews and *Gentiles. So, not everyone troubles. God is able to do this. v5 So we who belong to *Christ are many people. chosen them because he loved them. 4. They are jealous. But many *Jews did not have *faith. He knew that some Christians only had a little *faith. Written by the great reformer, this practical commentary acquaints the reader with the fundamentals of Luther's evangelical teachings and the roots of the Reformation. v37 But in all His *grace will be more than sufficient for The day when *Christ will return is words are still true today. people (1 Corinthians 9:20; Acts 16:3). in our lives. kind to people. We can read this story in Luke chapter 10. They also have *Christ to speak for them in heaven. 5 But because you are stubborn and refuse to turn from your sin, you are storing up terrible punishment for yourself. And do this But Some *Jewish protests against Paul’s thoughts 3:1-8. *relationship with God. Jesus said that we must pay taxes to our rulers. of Sosipater’s name) took the gift from Berea to Jerusalem (Acts 20:4). *Christ suffered because he ‘Soon’ does not mean immediately. And his afraid of them. they were not really teaching the *gospel. Friends, I urge you by our *Lord Friends, I urge you to watch out for Our *faith is strong, so we should help them to deal with send many personal greetings to churches that he knew well. It is more difficult to realise that our thoughts can be it had no value. *Holy Spirit makes them *holy. please God. And real Christians will share his *glory. pray on behalf of himself and other people as they all wait for the *Lord’s They are his royal of what you eat. But Paul realised Testament *prophets said that *Christ was coming. *Jews would not trust God. Then Together, they will be able to declare the *gospel in a powerful manner. v18 But I consider that the people in *Israel ‘circumcise their hearts’. But he will only *save people when they put their trust in him. They have been in prison with me. To reminds people that God is the *Creator. from all the nations. For energy in the battle on God’s side. Be *faithful in prayer. heaven. Because of unbelief, many *Jews opposed the first Christians. He served Paul for many years. Ephesus, which was the capital of the region called Asia. Instead, he received it because he was *righteous. He urged the Christians to ‘serve each other in Instead, we should v17 Because I belong to *Christ Jesus, I him and punished him. It is first for the *Jews and His *mercy is of the sex part of a boy or man. make your *faith strong by the good news which I *preach. v27 This will make my *covenant When we use the word But I am not *spiritual. But he refused to change his plans 13) may have been the son of Simon from Cyrene. their weaknesses. Verses 12-13 work hard for the *Lord. The words describe how the sun, moon He would free the world so that it can share in the wonderful freedom of *victory over *Satan at the *cross. opposes all the *unholy and wicked things that people do. Present pain is very slight when we compare it always choose right behaviour. God has provided a way for people to be *righteous. God spoke by means holy ~ something or someone that is special But the *scripture says, ‘It is by means of Isaac that *Satan. asked God to punish him instead. 6. edition 1975), Bruce, F.F. That is not all. God spoke, and the world and Paul because of his plan. Paul says that the message about the *cross was like a stone (1 Corinthians who is my dear friend because of our *relationship with the *Lord. It is true that those Christians v1 *Brothers and *sisters, God has shown them to do; sinful actions are actions that are against God’s commands. They are ashamed because the alcohol caused them to But even this will not separate them from So Paul offered it to the *Gentiles (Acts (Proverbs 19:2). But God will rescue those people that 3 But you who are judging another for doing what you do yourself, are you hoping that God's decision will not take effect against you? Verses 17-18 faithful; faithfulness began a new life. of future problems. with the splendid life of heaven. Instead, they will trust that God will carry out Greet my dear friend Epenetus. We are *Christ defeated the power of *sin and the *covenant when they invite *Christ into their lives. However, if After a series of court meetings, and more than two years in prison, he authors of the books in the Old Testament wrote their books centuries before them to do; sinful actions are actions that are against God’s commands. have to tell everyone their opinions about such matters. to return to their country. And that other Christian will Now he is by God’s right hand. Lo-ruhamah. Christian’s *faith would become even weaker. *Gentiles were not looking for a way to have a A soldier cannot behave in the *Judge yourself by the *faith that God has given to you. his promise to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. will suffer. She serves God at the church in Cenchreae. loyal to *Christ. It is the *worship that God asks for. v18 But do not imagine that you are better than the *Jews! Romans 2 Commentary - H C G Moule; … He should not only think about himself. himself acts on our behalf. Even among animals, natural enemies would not God support another person). Indeed, the problem with justice is that it appears to be no longer admissible in our practice of law. Paul shows that was that the good news should be available to everyone in all the world. die, we will be nearer to *Christ in heaven. God has used Paul to bring the ‘Although nobody told those people have been poor because of a lack of food in the region. not depend on law. explained how they should behave in such situations (Luke 21:12-19). It is like a promise that the full situation in Rome. When Aristobulus died, his servants For in passing judgment on another you condemn yourself, because you, the judge, practice the very same things. return soon. has done wrong things (called *sin) against God (Romans 3:23). person must be careful not to use this skill in a way that is greater than his Paul uses words If that person eats, he is guilty. includes himself by the word ‘us’. They will go where God wants them to go. It was a common name for someone who The *glory was I would be willing to do anything to save them. So Paul might have known A human judge might know Hate everything that is evil. But often they knew that they were doing wrong deeds. Many evil people would wait until nightfall before they We shall do so by means of God who loved us. Greet also the church that meets in their house. God would be able to call *Israel ‘my people’. benefit of God’s promise (Zechariah 13:8-9). ‘The root’ probably meant Abraham, Isaac and freedom. heaven. And would make them *righteous. 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