Botanical Description. The name of the genus, Arctium, is derived from the Greek arktos, a bear, in allusion to the roughness of the burs, lappa, the specific name, being derived from a word meaning 'to seize.' Arctium lappa, commonly called greater burdock, gobō (牛蒡/ゴボウ), edible burdock, lappa, beggar's buttons, thorny burr, or happy major is a Eurasian species of plants in the Aster family, cultivated in gardens for its root used as a vegetable. The very large, coarse-looking leaves of burdock (blades sometimes half a meter long) might remind one of rhubarb. It may grow to 8 feet under ideal conditions. ARCTIUM LAPPA 2. It has become an invasive weed of high-nitrogen soils in North America, Australia, and other regions. Arctium lappa L. Show All Show Tabs greater burdock General Information; Symbol: ARLA3 Group: Dicot Family: Asteraceae Duration: Biennial: Growth Habit: Forb/herb: Native Status: CAN I HI I L48 I: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. Burdock root is a vegetable that’s native to northern Asia and Europe. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box. They quickly turn into burrs if allowed to go to seed. 3. Remedy of burdock to clean the kidneys. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. New homeopathic remedies. The behavioral and electrophysiological responses of the obliquebanded leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris), and the redbanded leafroller, Argyrotaenia velutinana (Walker), to crude extracts of Arctium lappa, Bifora radians, Humulus lupulus, Xanthium strumarium, and Verbascum spp. Sesquiterpene lactone arctiopicrin is a bitter glycoside and antibacterial. Today many Japanese as well as Europeans use Arctium as food and medicine. Although most herbs are generally safe, it is recommended that you avoid self-prescribing especially when there is an underlying ongoing medical condition, if you are on any prescription medications or if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Arctigenin more potently inhibited AChE activity than arctiin. Mature heads ca. The seeds of Arctium lappa L. (AL, family Asteraceae), the main constituents of which are arctiin and arctigenin, have been used as an herbal medicine or functional food to treat inflammatory diseases. Another source derives the word lappa from the Celtic llap, a hand, on account of its prehensile properties. They have simple, broad leaves. To explore the characteristics, medicinal uses and prescribing considerations of this herb in more detail, check out the references indicated. Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) Genus: Arctium (ARK-tee-um) Species: lappa (LAP-uh) Cultivar: Watanabe Early: One member has or wants this plant for trade. Burdock root has been used for centuries in holistic medicine to treat a variety of different conditions. This page was last modified on 18 March 2014, at 10:04. The leafstalks are generally hollow. 1.5–2.8 (–3.5) cm broad, all or mostly on pedicels ca. Biol Trace Elem Res. Burdock studies have shown the leaf to have anti-microbial properties, and may offer a natural alternative to heal burns and minor skin injuries when used in a prepared salve. Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae – Aster family Genus: Arctium L. – burdock Subordinate Taxa. A. minus were studied under laboratory conditions. A large brownish-gray taproot supports the plant and gives rise to the stem. Mature heads ca. INTRODUCTION Botanical origin: Arctium lappa L Common name: Burr , lappa English name: Great burdock Urdu name: Zard meena Family: Asteraceae Part used: roots , leaves , seeds 3. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Lappa officinalis is alterative, aperient, diuretic, and sudorific. [1] [2]. Arctium lappa. In Europe during the world wars Arctium was used as a treatment for wounds. Arctium lappa, commonly called greater burdock, gobō, edible burdock, lappa, thorny burr, beggar’s buttons or happy major is a perennial herb belonging to family of Asteraceae (Compositae) is a rich source of many bioactive molecules reportedly involved … Common name(s): Greater or Edible Burdock, Beggar’s Buttons, Thorny Burr, Happy Major Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Asteraceae Origin: Eurasia More infos: N/A This starts with accepting personal responsibility for ourselves in our situation and expands outward to our family, ... Aug 23 WT 10 10 49 japanese burdock Arctium lappa medicinal herb Richters NA NA 50 jinenjo yam Dioscorea japonica root vegetable Oikos 2 8 … This natural remedy consists of a burdock infusion that will favor us to clean the kidneys.Burdock is a medicinal plant whose scientific name is Arctium lappa, belongs to the family of the Compuestas, and comes from Europe.. They have a self-supporting growth form. Asteraceae - Korbblütengewächse More Information Show less. The roots can grow as long as 4 feet and are slender and shaped like carrot and parsnip. Arctium species generally flower from July through to October. A biennal member of the Asteraceace family, with bright pink-red to purple thistle-like flowers on long stalks, and oblong to cordate, huge hairy leaves that is native to Europe and Asia, and now naturalized in North America and Australia. Arctium lappa is indigenous from Europe to China and Japan, and has been introduced into North America. (2005) tested the extracts derived from fresh and dry tissues of 14 plant species against P. infestans and Alternaria solani . Muto et al. Description: Arctium lappa is a biennial thistle that may grow 2-6 feet tall. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Arctium lappa Organic. Flowers are visited by Two-spotted Bumblebee, Aglais io, Comma, and meadow brown. Plants of the genus Arctium have dark green leaves that can grow up to 70 cm (28 in) long. leaves - first year narrowly to broadly ovate, heart-shaped base, wavy, large, hairy, form rosette; second year alternate on reproductive stems, small; petioles of larger leaves solid and furrowed above Side effects can include allergic reactions especially in those people that have an allergy to the members of the Asteraceae family (ragweed, chrysanthemums, marigold and daisies). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies). Arctium lappa is a BIENNIAL growing to 2 m (6ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in). Arctium lappa. Predes Fde S, Diamante MA, Foglio MA, Dolder H. Effects of Arctium lappa on cadmium-induced damage to the testis and epididymis of adult wistar rats. Arctium lappa 1. 2. Mature heads ca. Arctium tomentosum: involucres 15-25 mm wide, the bracts tomentose, and corollas glandular pubescent (vs. A. lappa, with involucres 25-45 mm wide, the bracts glabrous or thinly pubescent, and corollas glabrous). It is in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from September to October. Most of the time they grow about 24 inches long and are brown with white flesh. Arctium lappa Name also: Great Burdock, Beggar’s Buttons, Sticky Willie, Edible burdock, Lappa Burdock, Gobo Family: Daisy Family – Compositae, subfamily Carduoideae Is was used as a detoxifying agent to "cleanse" the blood, removing toxins from the body. 682 exkl. V3, Herb, Nutrient and Drug Interactions: Clinical Implications and Therapeutic Strategies, Herbal Contraindications and Drug Interactions: Plus Herbal Adjuncts With Medicines, 4th Edition, http://www.ndhealthfacts.org/wiki/index.php?title=Arctium_lappa&oldid=44270, Indicated in problems with dry, scaly skin, such as, Dried root: 2-6 g of dried root, or decoction, three times daily, Liquid extract: (1:1 in 25% alcohol): 2-6 ml three times a day, An infusion or tincture (1:5 in 25% alcohol) of the leaf can be used externally as a. Bardanae radix (from Arctium lappa) (Krebs and Forrer, 2001) . In Japan Arctium is known as Gobo and has been used as food for about 1,000 years after Buddhist monks brought the plant into the country. It comes from the plant burdock (arctium lappa) that is related to daisies and sunflowers. The safety and prescribing considerations for Burdock include:[3], [4], Godfrey Anthony, Saunders Paul, Barlow Kerry, Gowan Matt (2011), Stargrove Mitchell Bebell, Treasure Jonathan, McKee Dwight L (2008), 55 Most Common Medicinal Herbs: The Complete Natural Medicine Guide, Principles and Practices of Naturopathic Botanical Medicine, Advanced Botanical Medicine. 2.5–4.5 cm broad (including spines), all or mostly on pedicels ca. They used the root to cure such things as constipation and mercury poisoning and the leaves externally to heal rashes and burns. Both of our species are Eurasian natives, the commoner one, at least, familiar as a weed of disturbed places. 2016;173(2):362-71. 2011;19(5):245-254 ) ~ Researchers have identified a compound (arctigenin) in Burdock as 'an inhibitor of experimental tumour growth'. A. lappa. 1. Burdock – Arctium lappa Burdock belongs to the family of Asteraceae; in the genus of Arctium, and known scientifically as Arctium lappa which is originated from northern Europe to northeast Asia including northern India. A large brownish-gray taproot supports the plant and gives rise to the stem. 1.5–2.8 (–3.5) cm broad, all or mostly on pedicels ca. Each head is dispersed as a bur covered with hooked spines. Geographic subdivisions for Arctium lappa: s NCoRI, SnFrB : MAP CONTROLS 1. A. lappa belongs to the Asteraceae family. Arctium lappa NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Pilgrims brought A. lappa over to North America and native Americans quickly added the plant to their herbal repertories for its blood purifying abilities, as a kidney tonic and also to increase concentration. Arctium lappa (Greater Burdock) is a species of biennial herb in the family Asteraceae. Cultivated gobo looks very much like the wild plant. The numerous purple flowers are small and comparatively inconspicuous. Burdock is in the same family as daisies and dandelions, and flowers from July to October. They are generally large, coarse and ovate, with the lower ones being heart-shaped. In Western herbalism, burdock is condsidered an important alterative herb. The Plants Database includes the following 6 species of Arctium . Burdock root is an underground tuber of greater burdock plant which is used as a vegetable and medicinal herb. It was used both internally and externally for many conditions of the skin, such as acne, boils, abscesses, and eczema and for situations of chronic inflammation, such as rheumatism and gout. 1. Family. 2.4–16 cm long, in terminal, corymbiform inflorescences; phyllaries smooth (at most weakly glandular) on margins and green (except for brownish spine-tips). Inflammopharmacology. It is cultivated mainly in Japan, but also in China, Vietnam, the Philippines, Indonesia, Hawaii, New Zealand and Europe. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Burdock flowers provide essential pollen and nectar for honeybees around August when clover is on the wane and before the goldenrod starts to bloom. VAT. The information provided is intended to augment the treatment from a naturopathic doctor or other trained medical professional. Burdock is known for its ability to heal a number of skin conditions, yet it also has many other uses. Individuals can grow to 1.3 m. Category: Vegetables. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. It has also been historically used to treat hair loss. They are woolly underneath. These main constituents were shown to inhibit acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity. Suspensions and extracts of medicinal plants reduced foliar blight of potatoes ( P. 1. A review of the pharmacological effects of Arctium lappa (burdock). It may temporarily worsen symptoms because of the detoxifying action. Remedia Homeopathy is constantly working on expanding the range of homeopathic remedies. 1911: LLOYD This widely distributed plant known under several botanical names, such as Lappa minor (De Candolle) Lappa major (Gaertner) and Lappa tomentosa (Lamarck) is now official as Arctium Lappa. The plant is self-fertile. The young leaves and roots are used in cooking, especially in European and Asian cuisine. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. Remedy ... Arctium lappa LM30: Globuli: Dilution: More Information. 0.5–3 (–4) cm long, in elongate racemose or paniculiform inflorescences; phyllaries minutely serrulate below the middle and often purplish toward the apex. 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